Building a house is not an easy thing to do. Just ask me, I’ve spent the last 9 months planning, and building a new house and I can tell you that even with the best builder you are going to face issues and problems. So after you decide to build your house, you should be aware of these problems before you hire a moving company too.
However in this article I’m going to cover the house building process step by step and go over what it took me to build my house. Now I’m going to warn you this a fairly lengthy article so pull up a seat grab a cup of coffee and start reading.
Also before you dive you may also want to read the other articles in the series that I’ve covered over the last few weeks as well to give you a base of where I’m coming from. You can check those out below.
The Pre Planning Process
To start, I’ve broken the entire building process down into three main areas, preplanning, the building process, and the post building process. From there I broke things down into smaller subsections to make this article easier to read. On top the order of every step along the way can vary from builder to builder, and that your builder may have a different way of doing things. So with that said let’s get started.
- Meet With Your Builder. When we first got started with the building process we chose a builder that met several different qualities. A few of them being a high quality record, quality craftsmanship, speed, and most of all able to adhere to the price we had set. We also looked into what kind of software these contractors were using, if they used something like the Procore iPhone construction app then that was considered a plus as they can share things with us like floor plans and checklists instantly. Now we obviously had to meet with our builder several times before we even were able to finalize are plans and this took a few months in itself to do. In fact one in particular lasted over 3 hours were we went through every last detail on the house. These meetings can get quite long but it was all worth in the end.
- Survey The Lot. Before you can buy your lot it needs to be surveyed. In most cases if you are building in town the lot will likely already have this done, but if you’re building out in the country this may need to done yet.
- Meet With Your Lender. Next, once you’ve meet with the builder gotten the pricing nailed down you will need to meet with your lender. In order for your builder to even put you on there dig list you will need a few things. One of them being a letter from your lender saying you are pre-approved for the construction loan. Typically lenders would like you to be able to put 20% of the total cost of the home; however when you’re building a $200,000 this isn’t always possible. So if at the very least you should be able to put 10% down.
- Meet With The Electric Company. Another meeting you will have to have is with the electric company. Now every company does this different. For example, all I had to do was meet with my electric company and go over what I was going have for electric and what I was not. This was a fairly simple meeting and took about 30 minutes, However, some companies will require a site map and other documentation before they even come out.
- Sign Up With Gas Company. You will also have to sign up with your natural gas company as well, unless you plan to go with some other alternative heating method such as propane, electric, or even a wood burning stove. One thing I personally suggest is if you do plan to use natural gas is to sign up early. Typically these companies will have to come out before they can even send you an application and inspect the lot. On top of that it took three months and a ton of phone calls to get them to come out and install the gas line from the street to my house.
- Buy Your Lot. Once you’ve been approve for your construction loan it’s time to buy the lot. You can go several different ways about doing this from putting a down payment on the lot and having the bank covering the rest of the money or in my case the bank covered the entire cost of the lot up front and once we closed on our construction loan we paid our down payment.
- Get Your Permits. Once you’ve got your lot bought and you’ve completed your final meetings with your builder you will need to get your permits to build your house. Permits can vary from one place to another, such as a build permit, drive way permit, and who knows what else. In my case all I had was a $10 building permit and that was it. On top of that the town needed a copy of my house plans, and a site map to show where the house would be placed on the map and reviewed by a board for approval. In that meeting the board will review the plans and make sure it meets the requirements of the lot. For example, on my lot I’m not allowed to have any buildings built behind the house, and I can’t build within 10 feet of the property line on either sides of the house.
- Builders Insurance. Once you start to get near your dig date you will have to acquire your builders risk insurance. This is a basic insurance coverage that will protect you in the event something is stolen off of your property while the house is being built, and if any of the workers happen to get injured in the process.
- Set Your House Corner Pins. Finally, one of the last things you will have to do is set corner pins of your house. Now like I said every company does this differently. My builder required me to have these set before the day of the dig. In my case I got someone to help me and had someone from the town inspect it before we started. With other companies they may have the excavating crew do it, but it all depends on who does it.
The House Building Process Step By Step
Well there you go, I’m already a 1000 words into this article and we’ve finally made it through the preplanning stuff. To be quite honest the preplanning stuff can take just as long, if not longer than the building process itself. In fact we started planning our house in June and we didn’t start digging until November last year. However once a bulk of the big decisions have been made it starts to get a lot easier from there.
- Dig Day. With all the pre planning stuff out of the way it’s time to begin the building process and that all starts with the dig day. The dig day is the official start to building your house and can be exciting and nerve racking all at the same time. It’s on this day that they start digging your basement, and any other things such as your construction driveway. I actually took this entire day off and even took my kids out to the construction site to see them dig the basement.
- Pour The Footer. The next thing that will happen is they will pour the footer. A footer is the base that supports the entire foundation. This part only took a day to get done but it had to sit for a week to cure.
- Pour Basement Walls And Floor. Once the footer has cured it’s time to pour the basement walls. The great thing about our builder was the fact that they poured 10” walls. That’s a little bigger than most basement walls and it helps against cracking or letting any water in. On top of that a 1” think foam board was placed all the way around the outside wall to give an extra added protection.
- Frame The House. Once the foundation had set for a week or so, the framers moved in and started constructing the house. This process actually moved very fast, in fact our builders had it fully erected in 3 and a half days. On top of that the process went fast because there wasn’t just one crew working on the house at a time but rather multiple crews. When one crew would get done the other crew would move in just as fast to complete the next task.
- Install the Windows, Roof, Siding and Exterior Doors. Once the framers have finished the roofers moved in to lay the roof, install the windows, and put up the siding, a good company to choose is Chase Construction North West for your roofing needs. With our house we went with a lifetime shingle, and Pella windows, on top of that we are able to wash all the windows inside the house, which is one thing my wife defiantly wanted to have.
- Do A Walk Through With The Electrician. At this point the house should be nearly enclosed and ready to do a walk through with the electrician. It’s at this point where you can add any extra outlets, switches or lights. In my case I added extra can lights on the porch, and a few extra outlets in the garage, and basement. On top of that we also had 4 Cat 6 lines ran around the house for our internet and cable and one phone jack. I should also mention this step is a very important one because it’s a lot easier to install these things now before they insulate and hang the dry wall. So plan your outlets, switches, and lights carefully.
- Install The Plumbing. At the same time the plumber may be installing a lot of your water and sewer lines and maybe even a few fixtures such as showers. It’s also good to touch base with your plumber in case you want to add something as well.
- Install Furnace, and AC Unit. Another thing that will be done around this time is the furnace, and AC unit will be installed as well. Along with that all the duct work will be installed along with it.
- Insulate. Once all the electrical lines, plumbing, and duct work has been installed it’s time to insulate the walls. One extra thing I also had done was I insulated the walls in my garage as well, this way I could heat it if I wanted to in the winter time of the year, giving me a place to work on stuff.
- Hang The Drywall and Mud. Next, once the insulation is in it’s time to hang the drywall, mud it and sand it. Now I have to give a lot of credit to the guys who hung my dry wall because they had it hung in 2 days and they were coming from 3 hours away to do it. After the dry wall was hung another crew came in to mud and sand the walls. This process took over a week to do and it also required heating the house up to around 90 degrees to dry the house out as much as possible. This was only done because I was building in the winter and we needed warm up the walls to draw the moisture out.
- Paint. The next phase of the home building process was to paint the walls. Now I could have opted to paint my own walls but their painter got it done in 4 days and had air brush which sped up the process a lot versus using rollers and paint brushes. On top of that for a few hundred dollars more I had him paint the walls in the garage and the walls leading down into the basement.
- Hook Up Permanent Gas And Electric. Right around the same time your painting is getting done your permanent gas and electric should be hooked up, because it is very crucial for the next step.
- Lay The Flooring. In order to lay the flooring the sub-flooring must be fairly dry. This also depends on the time of year you are building your house as well. If you are in a time of year were things are dryer it won’t take nearly as much to get it done. This is why I suggest building in the summer time if possible because I ended up with an extra $1000 propane bill for temporary heating until my natural gas and electric line was installed.
- Install Cabinets and Trim Work. Once the flooring is in, it’s time to install the cabinets and trim work throughout the house. This is where your house really starts to become a home. This is also the time were the final electrical and plumbing fixtures will be installed as well.
- Install Appliances. It’s also at this point were appliances can be brought in and installed. Now some people won’t do this until after the house is completely built but I decided to do it before it was fully complete that way if I wanted to make any last minute changes I would still be able to make them. For example I noticed when I installed my washer and dryer that they had a four prong outlet installed instead of a three prong outlet and it allowed me to have them change it out before they were finished.
- Send In The Cleaners. One of the great things I liked about my builder was the fact that once everything was done they even had a group of cleaners come in and wash all the cabinets down, sweep the floors, and even clean the windows. On top of the painters even came back one more time to touch up any spots that may of got nicked when moving appliances or carpet in.
- The Closing. Finally once everything was done it was time to close on the house. I have to admit the building process went fast. We started on November 20th of 2012 and were finished by February 20th 2013. Three short months and the entire house was finished, I know houses in my area that started before us and still are not done, so we were doing really good.
The Post Building Process
If you’ve made it this far in the article you know just how much work is involved to build. However, at this point it’s all downhill from here, and there are only a few more things to do it everything should be finished.
- Before You Move In. Before you move in there are a few things to be done that will defiantly help out. First, one thing I did before I moved in is I hung a lot of the blinds, and wall decorations. With none of the clutter in the way this is the best time to install these things. Secondly, you may want to consider putting down some plastic or card board to help keep your floors clean so when people are moving stuff in you don’t get mud in your carpet or scratches in your brand new floor.
- Moving Day. Finally, the big day is here. From this day fourth you will be living under the roof of your new house. This day can be exciting and overwhelming all in one day, this is why I suggest you break it up into two days if possible and get a few family members to help you out as well. For example, I took Friday off of work and got my brother to help move some of the smaller stuff and on Saturday I was able to get more people help me move the bigger items. On top of that I also had people help out by preparing meals ahead of time so we didn’t have to do that either.
- Install Cable TV, Phone, and Internet. Once you’re moved in you can install your cable TV, Phone, and internet. One thing I should mention here is that since your house is new you may have extra cable charge or installation fee for running a line from the road to your house.
- Close On The Mortgage. Now that you’ve moved in and taken care of the final bills it’s time to close on your mortgage. At the time of this writing I still have yet to do this but plan to shortly. The good news is I’m going to get a fairly decent interest rate of around 3.5% which will save me a ton on interest over the long term.
- Drive Way. Now that the home process is winding down one of the few final things to take care of is pouring the driveway and sidewalks. However I plan to wait until June to do this because I want the ground to settle a bit more so I can avoid any cracks in my concrete.
- Plant Grass, Trees, and Shrubs. Finally, one of the last things to be done is to plant the grass, trees, and shrubs. The great part about this is my father in law does shrub work so he will be able to help me with that. I plan to plant a maple in my front yard for a shade tree and go with boxwood’s hastes, and some small spruces for the shrub beds. As for the grass I plan to do it myself but it won’t get done until the fall otherwise I’ll be watering it all summer and that could result in a pretty tall water bill. So I figured it’d be much simpler for Mother Nature to do most of the work and wait till the fall.
My Final Thoughts…
Well there you have it, the house building process step by step. I’ve covered a lot of stuff and I could have gotten into a lot more detail but it would’ve ended up being a 10,000 word article before I got done.
In the end I’m glad things are winding down, I’m glad I only have to do this process once because I don’t know if I could do it again.
So is there anything you would add or change?